Pica is the disorder wherein kids generally consume non food items. This can be due to many causes and can signify certain diseases
Young kids often suffer from pica and may eat non food items for months together. It is a behavioral disorder many a times and it can be due to other diseases also. Children between the ages of 1 to 6 years normally can have this condition. It is a compulsive craving to such items. People who have developmental disabilities or mental retardation and autism can be a victim of this.
Pica and its signs
Children who may suffer from brain injury can get Pica. Even pregnant women may become face disorder. Epilepsy may aggravate this issue. Dirt, feces, soil, clay, plaster, paint chips, chalk and cornstarch are a few of the items one may eat. A person may also consume cigarette ash and butt, glue, ice, buttons, paper, hair, soap, sand and toothpaste.
You can identify if your child has Pica, if they consume a particular nonfood item again and again for a month or more. Even the efforts to stop it cannot deter them sometimes. It can be a compulsive disorder. Many of the religious and cultural practices may include such activity.
Causes of Pica
There are specific causes to Pica but certain situations and conditions can raise the risks to it.
Prevention and treatment
Doctor may identify the cause of the pica and plan out the treatment for the children according to their age and gender. It may focus on correcting the behavior. Pica may result in creating gastrointestinal problems and digestive diseases. Excessive salivation and cuts in the mouth and the lips may also affect the children due to this.
If someone eats stone, it can affect the teeth and the gums. Constriction in the throat and the windpipe can also happen.