It is a well-known fact that smoking is injurious to health which could lead to serious illnesses and diseases. Many recent studies have supported this with epidemiological, experimental, pathological and clinical findings.
According to National Institute of Drug Abuse findings, about 350000 deaths in the U.S. alone occur due to smoking. Smoking related deaths happen as cigarettes contain a mixture of nicotine and carbon monoxide. Cigarettes raise heart rate and blood pressure, which puts a strain on the vessels. This increases the chances of heart attacks and strokes.
Owing to the presence of tar in the cigarettes, the lung is affected severely. When the tar mixes with the blood, the flow of blood slows down considerably. This cuts off oxygen to various parts of the body. The lack of required supply of oxygen may lead to amputation of limbs in some cases.
Some smokers switch over to low-tar cigarettes. However, opting for low-tar cigarettes may not help the cause as smokers take a deep puff while smoking and hold the smoke inside for a long time. This may drag the smoke deeper. Also, smoking causes deposition of fat which narrows and blocks the blood vessels.
By smoking a cigarette, a person loses about 5 to 20 minutes off your total lifespan. Smoking also causes infertility in men. This problem of infertility is common among heavy smokers. In men, smoking reduces the sperm count and affects sperm mobility. In case of women, smoking affects ovulation. If a women smokes during pregnancy, it may increase the chances of low birth weight, premature birth and perinatal mortality, also known as ‘fetal tobacco syndrome’.
The poor circulation of blood and loss of oxygen due to smoking also affects the skin. Some of the other problems caused by smoking are bad breath, stained teeth, mouth cancer, sore throat, plague and reduces sense of taste in smokers.
Smoking also affects bones. Smoking could also cause bone problems such as osteoporosis, spine and hip fractures, etc.
Also smoking, being a vicious addiction and malicious habit, affects the body. The dreadful disease causes cancer in the esophagus, abdomen, kidneys, bladder, colon and pancreas. Smoking is bad for eyes and brain too. Smoking weakens the eye sight and memory.
The habit of cigarette smoking does not spare any body organ. To sum up, smoking is more like a deadly poison which may cause a host of side effects and, sometimes, death too. Thus before it is too late, smoker should quit smoking.
Kicking the habit of smoking is not an arduous task. However, it is possible to quit smoking if one is determined about it. Given below are some ways to achieve the same.
- Giving up smoking could be very difficult. Be bold enough to face this challenge. The best way to quit smoking is by decreasing the number of cigarettes smoked every day. If possible, have a glass of juice or a chewing gum instead of cigarettes.
- Stay away from the crowd of smokers
- Distance from the people or group who smoke for some period
- If someone is smoking, move to some other place.
- Do regular exercise for about 30 minutes to one hour
- Drink more water or fruit juice
- Maintain discipline. No matter who smokes or who offers a puff, deny the offer.
- Be positive always in every dealings